E-Library-Herald IICAS

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Over the 23 years of its existence, the Institute has issued more than 60 scientific publications that have become the result of the scientific and research activities of the Institute. In addition, IICAS has been publishing the journal IICAS for more than 10 years. The journal is published twice a year in Russian and English, and is on the list of the Higher Attestation Commission of Uzbekistan. All publications of the Institute are distributed free of charge and are available to everyone. IICAS, independently or in cooperation with UNESCO, organizes international scientific conferences in which dozens of leading scientists from Central Asia and the world have already taken part. Many of the IICAS publications are bilingual and are prepared in English and Russian.

Русский

BIOLOGICAL ANTHROPOLOGY AND ARCHAEOLOGY: TOWARDS SYNTHESIS SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINE

ISBN: -; Era: -; Country: ; Key words: BIOLOGICAL ANTHROPOLOGY AND ARCHAEOLOGY: TOWARDS SYNTHESIS SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINE;

This volume, entitled "Biological anthropology and archaeology: towards a synthesis of scientific disciplines" offers a French perspective on what in English is called«the bioarchaeology». This is a new direction at the intersection of biological anthropology and archaeology.Within the framework of the emerging school, the latest methods are developed, which often require complex laboratory tests. The conclusions obtained also require discussionadherents of these methods.In recent decades, biological anthropology has ceased to be what it used to beit was associated only with"craniometry". It has updated its concepts and issues, by shifting the focus of research from anthropological typology to a variety of materials, moving from the individual to the population of the past as a whole. More subtle methods the analysis is based on the application of the latest technological and scientific achievements, such aslike medical imaging and genetics. But the goal of biological anthropology remains the same the goal is to get closer to man, to understand his biological characteristics, his evolution, and his diversity in space and time

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English, Русский

BUSTON VI – THE NECROPOLIS OF FIRE-WORSHIPPERS OF PRE-URBAN BACTRIA

ISBN: -; Era: -; Country: ; Key words: BUSTON VI – THE NECROPOLIS OF FIRE-WORSHIPPERS OF PRE-URBAN BACTRIA;

The archaeological research carried out in the middle flow of the Amudarya River basin in the 1970-80s resulted in the discovery of an extraordinary early urban culture. Known from literature as the Sapalli culture, it could be dated to the Bronze Age of ancient Asia. A. A. Askarov’s research confidently placed the culture within a previously vacant niche in the genesis of the urban Bactrian civilisation1 [Askarov, 1973, 1977]. Buston VI (hereinafter referred to as BVI) is a funeral and cultic complex consisting of a group of underground graves belonging to the Sapalli culture (hereinafter referred to as SC). The complex, which functioned in the second half of the 2nd millennium BC, is now situated in the south of Uzbekistan (Sherabad District, Surkhandarya Province)2 . The site was explored from 1990 to 2008 as part of a field study carried out by the students of the Historical Faculty of the Samarkand State University supervised by the present writer. More than 500 different objects in various conditions were examined on the area of 6,176 m2 in the course of 14 field seasons. These include inhumations, cremations, symbolic and false graves, cenotaphs, remains of funeral feasts, eight sunken feature buildings for cremation and nine sacralised grounds for traditional rituals alongside a number of ground altars and bonfire sites. Eurasian nomadic tribes played a huge role in the formation of the site (the pastoral substratum is evident in the nomads’ material world and worldview) as the principal creators of SC’s new look. The anthropological analysis has also shown the heterogeneity of the population that abandoned Buston VI [Avanesova et al., 2010. PP. 118-136]. The structure of the society associated with B VI seems quite dynamic and complex

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English, Русский

Hoards of copper coins Timurids and Sheibanids

ISBN: -; Era: -; Country: ; Key words: Hoards of copper coins Timurids and Sheibanids;

In 1405, in Otrar, at the very beginning of the campaign against China, the Emperor died Central Asia Timur. For 35 years spent in conquering campaigns, Timur expanded its possessions to the Mediterranean sea in the West, Mongolia in the East,Iraq and India in the South. Content with the title of Khan's son-in-law and rule from on behalf of the subject genghisid khans, Timur left behind a superpower, which he divided between his sons and grandchildren. Power in Western Iran and it was given to his eldest son Miranshah, to Timur's younger son Shahrukh(1377-1447) got Khorasan-a region in the North-East of Iran, including the Southmodern Turkmenistan and the North-Western part of modern Afghanistan with the center in Herat, and to his grandson Ulugbek (1394-1449) after a series of feuds it passed into the personal "throne" possession of Transoxiana with the capital Samarkand, whose magnificent buildings eclipsed architectural luxury other world capitals. In the Timurid era, Central Asia became one from the main centers of civilization with the rapid growth of crafts, flourishing trade, development of art and science. At numerous mints Timur's vast possessions produced silver coins of three denominations:Tanga weighing 5.8–6.1 g, half (neem Tanga) and quarter Tanga (Miri), and copper coins — fulus ('Adliya, copper dinars, Dangi, etc.). Irregular shapes, often of different weights, copper plates were decorated on both sidesthe sides are decorated with complex ornaments with elements of plant or geometric pattern; individual cases of images of animals and birds are noted. Inscriptions on these coins contain the name of the mint, the date (usually in Arabic), and occasionally the name of the monetary value. Early Hulusi were often inscribed, but after the death of Timur and his successors first namesrulers on copper are found only in the form of the rarest exceptions. As a result of the monetary reform of Ulugbek almost all copper coins in the state they began to mint on a single model — with the name of the mint in the center six-petal socket. Very soon many money workshops were closed, and the rest continued to mint copper with only one indication cities-Bukhara

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Русский

The Aral sea at the crossroads of cultures

ISBN: -; Era: -; Country: ; Key words: The Aral sea at the crossroads of cultures;

The collection to the attention of the scientific community, composed largely scientific reports of the International Symposium "Aral sea at the crossroads of cultures", held 2-4 October 2007 in the cities of Nukus and the Bustan, and the 100th anniversary of the the birth of the outstanding scientist, ethnologist, archaeologist, orientalist Sergei Pavlovich Tolstov. S. P. Tolstov has entered the history of science as the discoverer of the civilization of ancient Khorezm. How a scientist who was distinguished by a broad approach to the formulation and development of historical problemsscience, using multidisciplinary research methods that organically combine archaeology and Ethnography, history and linguistics, geomorphology and paleogeography. Brilliant an example of this approach is the monograph "Ancient Khorezm", published in 1948, which was in the Russian and world science of that time, the fundamental work that summed up the results all achievements in the archaeology and ancient history of Central Asia as a whole.

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English, Русский

THE ARTISTIC CULTURE OF CENTRAL ASIA AND AZERBAIJAN IN THE 9th–15th CENTURIES

ISBN: -; Era: -; Country: ; Key words: THE ARTISTIC CULTURE OF CENTRAL ASIA AND AZERBAIJAN IN THE 9th–15th CENTURIES;

Located on the crossroads of the largest Eurasian trade routes, Central Asia has connected the empires of Rome, Byzantium and Iran with China, India—with the countries of the Eastern Europe since the ancient times, facilitating cultural exchange and dialogue between the East and the West. Powerful migration processes in the region, settling and assimilation of the peoples and tribes from the East, West, North and South of the continent influenced the formation of civilisations based on the symbiosis of different cultures, ethnic groups and religions, tolerance and common social mentality as well as on the absence of ethno-psychological obstacles to the perception and accumulation of cultural and technological achievements. As a result, the Kushan Empire, the states of the Parthians, Hephtalites, Sogdians, the Konguy Confederation and the Turkic Khaganate appeared and prospered in this region in different historical periods.

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