Монография рекомендована к печати Ученым советом Центральная восточных рукописей им. Беруни (Протокол № 9 от 30 сентября 2015 года). Монография издается в рамках проекта «История Центральной Азии в рукописях», осуществляемого Международным институтом центральноазиатских исследований и Центром восточных рукописей им. Абу Райхана Беруни при Ташкентском государственном институте востоковедения. Работа выполнена в рамках фундаментального гранта ФА-Ф1-ГО27: Изучение письменного наследия народов Центральной Азии: источниковедческие и текстологические исследования (на основе фонда ИВ АН РУз). Книга содержит научно-критический текст сочинения Агахи «Зубдат ал-таварих», написанного в XIX веке на среднеазиатском тюрке. В произведении приводится история правления Рахима Кули-хана (1842–1846 гг.) Из династии Конгратов. Книга рассчитана на историков, текстологов, востоковедов и тюркологов, студентов и магистрантов вузов, а также на специалистов, интересующихся историей Центральной Азии.
The historical conditions of Khorezm were often the subject of attention of historians. Ancient cultural cultures were discovered and explored in the lower reaches of the Amu Darya and adjacent territories. By the middle of the second millennium BC, a developed irrigation system already existed in the region, which by the middle of the first millennium BC had become extremely complex. Khorezm subsequently became one of the main economic and cultural centers of Central Asia and the entire Persian world. There was a dynastic tradition of Khorezm rulers called Khorezmshahs from the very first centuries of this era, and this tradition persisted in the province of Kat even after the Arabs conquered Khorezm in 712.
The dynamic development of the economy and social system in Europe in the 19th century, the intensive urbanization and the rapid dissemination of scientific ideas gave rise to the so-called "modernity", a phenomenon that has now acquired a wide range of interpretations and includes everything from lifestyle and appearance to social, economic and cultural progress.
The unusually bright, rich, in a different style, the art of Central Asian decorative embroidery is one of the brightest manifestations of the artistic culture of the peoples of this region. Embroidery for needlework is one of the oldest ways to decorate clothes; it does not require any machine tools or sophisticated technical methods, and should have preceded patterned weaving — the creation of patterns using a weaving system of multi-colored warp and weft threads1. However, patterned weaving was not typical of Central Asia, although it was used here in ancient times2 and existed at the end of the 18th century3. Later it became completely unused. Embroidery, in turn, has maintained its position in folk life to the present day and has been divided into several independent industries. Embroidery was used to decorate dresses and hats, small household items and some parts of dresses for horses; it was also used to decorate homes.
The monograph first attempted to summarize numerous materials on the archeology, history and architecture of Ustrushana, a medieval estate located in the geographical center, on the one hand between Sogd and Bactria, and on the other, between Chach and Ferghana, which played a significant role in socio-economic and ethnocultural transit between them and in the north of Central Asia as a whole. Long-term archaeological research not only provided a large amount of historical information, but also highlighted the significant contribution that Ustrushana made to the treasury of Central Asian and world civilization as a whole.
This book is published as a part of the project “The Artistic Culture of Central Asia and Azerbaijan in the 9th–15th centuries”, carried out by the International Institute for Central Asian Studies. The objective of the project is to systematise the academic knowledge and data related to a wide range of items of the material and artistic culture of the 9th–15th centuries, including ceramics, architecture, glass making, toreutics and other forms of applied arts. The publication is aimed at specialists as well as at the general public interested in the culture of the East.
The monograph is a complete publication of results of the long-term excavations at the burial cultic site of the late Bronze Age in pre-historical North Bactria. The catalogued report (506 objects) on the necropolis dated to the late 2nd millennium BCE and related to the ancient agricultural Sapalli culture – Buston VI – is introduced into the scientific operation. The database of quantitative and qualitative indices of criteria, on the base of which such
ritual groups as inhumation, cremation, symbolic tombs and traces of ritual actions have been revealed, is published for the first time. Objects of burial and non-burial purpose are given in the summary tables, graphical pictures and photographs. The publication is directed to archaeologists, historians, ethnographers, students of local history, and students of the faculty of history.
The Republic of Uzbekistan is a young state in the center of Asia, which proclaimed independence in 1991 and inherits the millennial civilizational traditions and Central Asian Mesopotamia. Already in the first millennium BC here on the territory of Bactria, Sogdiana, Khorezm, Davani (Ferghana Valley) and Chacha (Tashkent oasis) the first states appeared, writing arose. And at the turn of the new era, the craft towns of this land became the central nodes of the Great Silk Road.
Located at the intersection of the largest Eurasian trade communications, Central Asia from ancient times connected the empires of Rome, Byzantium and Iran with China, India and the countries of Eastern Europe, providing cultural exchange and dialogue between the West and the East.