E-Library-Monographs

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Over the 23 years of its existence, the Institute has issued more than 60 scientific publications that have become the result of the scientific and research activities of the Institute. In addition, IICAS has been publishing the journal IICAS for more than 10 years. The journal is published twice a year in Russian and English, and is on the list of the Higher Attestation Commission of Uzbekistan. All publications of the Institute are distributed free of charge and are available to everyone. IICAS, independently or in cooperation with UNESCO, organizes international scientific conferences in which dozens of leading scientists from Central Asia and the world have already taken part. Many of the IICAS publications are bilingual and are prepared in English and Russian.

A History of the Khorezmian State under the Anushteginids

ISBN: -; Era: -; Country: ; Key words: A History of the Khorezmian State under the Anushteginids;

During the 1930s and 1940s, in the period immediately before and after World War II, an archeological expedition under the leadership of S.P. Tolstov revealed to the world the existence of a previously unfamiliar ancient Central Asian civilization on the eastern coast of the Caspian Sea. This was the civilization of ancient Khorezm, which we find mentioned in the works of such ancient and medieval Greek and Muslim authors as Herodotus, Strabo, Al-Biruni, Maqdisi, Al-Istakhri, Yaqut al-Khamawi; S.P.Tolstov himself called it “the Egypt of Central Asia”. * The Khorezm expedition was one of the most extensive and well-equipped archeological undertakings of its time, and its findings became known all over the world. In the years which followed, the history of Khorezm became a leading focus of research in the field of oriental studies in the former USSR. 

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ARCHEOLOGY, HISTORY AND ARCHITECTURE OF MEDIEVAL USTRUSHANA

ISBN: -; Era: -; Country: ; Key words: ARCHEOLOGY, HISTORY AND ARCHITECTURE OF MEDIEVAL USTRUSHANA;

An unusual surge of interest in the native history in Central Asian republics, after they gained independence, is quite appropriate. People not only want to know general history and its separate facts but also to have a real comprehension of its underlying processes, that mighty layer or fundament laid by our ancestors and their great representatives, from which modern culture of a certain nation took its origin. This needs a thorough study and comprehension of the history of each settlement, town, or historical-cultural region. It is no coincidence that great importance is currently attached to the study of heritage and separate scientists, figures of science and culture, spirituality and education, and history of separate settlements. The territory of ancient and medieval Ustrushana is exactly a region requiring great attention. Ustrushana - one of Central Asian countries - was for a long time paid inadequately little attention compared with its “eminent” neighbors: it bordered Sogd in the west, Chach in the north, and Fergana in the east. From the southern part its estates were lost in hardly accessible mountains, of which even ancient and medieval sources were poorly aware. Though it was located at a crossing of most important trans-continental trade ways where the very Ustrushana settlements played an important role, it was attached the significance of a “transit” country of no particular interest for a researcher. In this respect, there is a typical thesis of V. V. Bartold that “the urban life in Ustrushana was poorly developed” (Bartold, 1963, p. 224)

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English, Русский

BUSTON VI – THE NECROPOLIS OF FIRE-WORSHIPPERS OF PRE-URBAN BACTRIA

ISBN: -; Era: -; Country: ; Key words: BUSTON VI – THE NECROPOLIS OF FIRE-WORSHIPPERS OF PRE-URBAN BACTRIA;

The archaeological research carried out in the middle flow of the Amudarya River basin in the 1970-80s resulted in the discovery of an extraordinary early urban culture. Known from literature as the Sapalli culture, it could be dated to the Bronze Age of ancient Asia. A. A. Askarov’s research confidently placed the culture within a previously vacant niche in the genesis of the urban Bactrian civilisation1 [Askarov, 1973, 1977]. Buston VI (hereinafter referred to as BVI) is a funeral and cultic complex consisting of a group of underground graves belonging to the Sapalli culture (hereinafter referred to as SC). The complex, which functioned in the second half of the 2nd millennium BC, is now situated in the south of Uzbekistan (Sherabad District, Surkhandarya Province)2 . The site was explored from 1990 to 2008 as part of a field study carried out by the students of the Historical Faculty of the Samarkand State University supervised by the present writer. More than 500 different objects in various conditions were examined on the area of 6,176 m2 in the course of 14 field seasons. These include inhumations, cremations, symbolic and false graves, cenotaphs, remains of funeral feasts, eight sunken feature buildings for cremation and nine sacralised grounds for traditional rituals alongside a number of ground altars and bonfire sites. Eurasian nomadic tribes played a huge role in the formation of the site (the pastoral substratum is evident in the nomads’ material world and worldview) as the principal creators of SC’s new look. The anthropological analysis has also shown the heterogeneity of the population that abandoned Buston VI [Avanesova et al., 2010. PP. 118-136]. The structure of the society associated with B VI seems quite dynamic and complex

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English, Русский

Hoards of copper coins Timurids and Sheibanids

ISBN: -; Era: -; Country: ; Key words: Hoards of copper coins Timurids and Sheibanids;

In 1405, in Otrar, at the very beginning of the campaign against China, the Emperor died Central Asia Timur. For 35 years spent in conquering campaigns, Timur expanded its possessions to the Mediterranean sea in the West, Mongolia in the East,Iraq and India in the South. Content with the title of Khan's son-in-law and rule from on behalf of the subject genghisid khans, Timur left behind a superpower, which he divided between his sons and grandchildren. Power in Western Iran and it was given to his eldest son Miranshah, to Timur's younger son Shahrukh(1377-1447) got Khorasan-a region in the North-East of Iran, including the Southmodern Turkmenistan and the North-Western part of modern Afghanistan with the center in Herat, and to his grandson Ulugbek (1394-1449) after a series of feuds it passed into the personal "throne" possession of Transoxiana with the capital Samarkand, whose magnificent buildings eclipsed architectural luxury other world capitals. In the Timurid era, Central Asia became one from the main centers of civilization with the rapid growth of crafts, flourishing trade, development of art and science. At numerous mints Timur's vast possessions produced silver coins of three denominations:Tanga weighing 5.8–6.1 g, half (neem Tanga) and quarter Tanga (Miri), and copper coins — fulus ('Adliya, copper dinars, Dangi, etc.). Irregular shapes, often of different weights, copper plates were decorated on both sidesthe sides are decorated with complex ornaments with elements of plant or geometric pattern; individual cases of images of animals and birds are noted. Inscriptions on these coins contain the name of the mint, the date (usually in Arabic), and occasionally the name of the monetary value. Early Hulusi were often inscribed, but after the death of Timur and his successors first namesrulers on copper are found only in the form of the rarest exceptions. As a result of the monetary reform of Ulugbek almost all copper coins in the state they began to mint on a single model — with the name of the mint in the center six-petal socket. Very soon many money workshops were closed, and the rest continued to mint copper with only one indication cities-Bukhara

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English, Русский

THE ARTISTIC CULTURE OF CENTRAL ASIA AND AZERBAIJAN IN THE 9th–15th CENTURIES

ISBN: -; Era: -; Country: ; Key words: THE ARTISTIC CULTURE OF CENTRAL ASIA AND AZERBAIJAN IN THE 9th–15th CENTURIES;

Located on the crossroads of the largest Eurasian trade routes, Central Asia has connected the empires of Rome, Byzantium and Iran with China, India—with the countries of the Eastern Europe since the ancient times, facilitating cultural exchange and dialogue between the East and the West. Powerful migration processes in the region, settling and assimilation of the peoples and tribes from the East, West, North and South of the continent influenced the formation of civilisations based on the symbiosis of different cultures, ethnic groups and religions, tolerance and common social mentality as well as on the absence of ethno-psychological obstacles to the perception and accumulation of cultural and technological achievements. As a result, the Kushan Empire, the states of the Parthians, Hephtalites, Sogdians, the Konguy Confederation and the Turkic Khaganate appeared and prospered in this region in different historical periods.

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