E-Library-Bulletin of IICAS

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Over the 23 years of its existence, the Institute has issued more than 60 scientific publications that have become the result of the scientific and research activities of the Institute. In addition, IICAS has been publishing the journal IICAS for more than 10 years. The journal is published twice a year in Russian and English, and is on the list of the Higher Attestation Commission of Uzbekistan. All publications of the Institute are distributed free of charge and are available to everyone. IICAS, independently or in cooperation with UNESCO, organizes international scientific conferences in which dozens of leading scientists from Central Asia and the world have already taken part. Many of the IICAS publications are bilingual and are prepared in English and Russian.

Русский, English

Bulletin of IICAS. Volume 15.

ISBN: 1694-5794; Era: -; Country: ; Key words: bulletin, volume-15, iicas, unesco;

Introduction. One of the most remarkable books on the Great Silk Road is ‘The Golden Peaches of Samarkand’ by E. Schaffer. In the preface to his monograph the author claims that the golden peaches of Samarkand are indeed real fruits, which were sent as a gift to the Chinese court. “They were as big as goose eggs, and since the color was like gold, they were called “golden peaches””. But the “golden peaches” that gave the name to the book, are also a symbol of the desired, unknown, and luring, a mythical image of the mysterious world1

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Русский, English

Bulletin of IICAS. Volume 14.

ISBN: 1694-5794; Era: -; Country: ; Key words: bulletin, volume-14, iicas, unesco;

Formed in the 2nd century BC, the Great Silk Road played a very important role in the process of integration of economy and culture of the peoples of the East and the West. The largest states of the Ancient Age, such as Rome and Byzantium in Europe, Iran, India and Arabic countries in the Middle East, Sogd, the Kushan Empire and the Turkic Kaganate in Central Asia, and China, Japan and Korea in the Far East established trade and cultural relations. That was the beginning of the centuries-old contacts between the East and the West. Every people made a contribution to the development of this transcontinental trade route. Scientists acknowledged that the Sogdians played the leading role in this process. Numerous written sources and archaeological materials testify to this conclusion.

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Русский, English

Bulletin of IICAS. Volume 13.

ISBN: 1694-5794; Era: -; Country: ; Key words: bulletin, volume-13, iicas, unesco;

Fernand Braudel (1902-1985) alongside with other historians, representatives of the Annales School, Marc Bloch, Lucien Febvre, Ernest Labrousse and Pierre Renouvin advocated the renewal of a history and developed the concept of “global, total history”. According to this concept, history encompasses all aspects of the human life and that of the society, including seemingly unrelated wedding rituals, menus of the inns, field contours, maps of the cities and villages. Those are everyday realities, which barely change through time and serve the role of inert matter, ballast and even as obstacle to historical progress1 . This is how a common life of people, consisting of hardly ever noticeable and negligible facts comes under the scope of historical studies.

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Русский, English

Bulletin of IICAS. Volume 12.

ISBN: 1694-5794; Era: -; Country: ; Key words: bulletin, volume-12, iicas, unesco;

In 2008, in the course of archaeological prospecting in Parhar region of Tajikistan1 we discovered stone bases of different sizes, pilasters manufactured of limestone in Greek-Bactrian architectural style (fig. 1), as well as a stone mock-up of chartak (fig. 2). All architectural details are pertaining to an edifice that once rose above a lofty terrace. In the 1970s, following the development of cultivation area, remains of the building were остатки здания были leveled by a bulldozer, stone columns and other architectural constructions were thrown off a hill slope, later on a site under cemetery. A stone column was later unearthed here – a model of chartak of Zoroastrian temple (fig. 3). In all probability, a Zoroastrian temple of fire must have towered above an underlying village – chartak with its model attached to the temple. 

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Русский, English

Bulletin of IICAS. Volume 11.

ISBN: 1694-5794; Era: -; Country: ; Key words: bulletin, volume-11, iicas, unesco;

Turkmenistan occupies its independent, peculiar place in a broader area of Central Asia’s early agricultural communes. The historical heritage of the Neolithic, Eneolithic and Bronze Ages is a substantial contribution to the global culture. Archeological excavations are is illustrative that Turkmenistan is one of the world’s oldest hearths of human civilization. Of all kinds of arts that came into existence in the ancient times, we can examine only material evidences of creativity of the epoch that has brought its bright specimens through millenniums. Artistic handicrafts occupy particular position among the monuments of human creativity. Ceramics, which had been forwarded esthetic demands yet at those times, is one of the most important technical achievements of the ancient man.

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