ISBN: 1694-5794; Era: -; Country: ; Key words: bulletin, volume-20, iicas, unesco;
Regular scientific research that has been carried out from the moment archaeology was established as branches of science give us a general idea about the history of development of the human civilization, both in the region and throughout the world. The Mesolithic and Neolithic periods are not as long as the preceding Paleolithic, which continued for over 2 million years. The Mesolithic and Neolithic are confined to a period of 10–13 thousand years. Nevertheless, these historical stages remain little-studied throughout the world, and the territory of our country is not an exception. To this day scientists have not made up the chronology of the Mesolithic and Neolithic periods in Kyrgyzstan and have not determined the interval between them. We know little about the economy, religion, culture or ethnicity of the ancient people of Kyrgyzstan. Can we use the term ‘Mesolithic’ when describing monuments dated to the period from 10 to 15 thousand years ago or should we introduce the term ‘Epipaleolithic, ’ which is typical of the countries of the Middle East?