E-Library-Bulletin of IICAS

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Over the 23 years of its existence, the Institute has issued more than 60 scientific publications that have become the result of the scientific and research activities of the Institute. In addition, IICAS has been publishing the journal IICAS for more than 10 years. The journal is published twice a year in Russian and English, and is on the list of the Higher Attestation Commission of Uzbekistan. All publications of the Institute are distributed free of charge and are available to everyone. IICAS, independently or in cooperation with UNESCO, organizes international scientific conferences in which dozens of leading scientists from Central Asia and the world have already taken part. Many of the IICAS publications are bilingual and are prepared in English and Russian.

Русский, English

Bulletin of IICAS. Volume 20.

ISBN: 1694-5794; Era: -; Country: ; Key words: bulletin, volume-20, iicas, unesco;

Regular scientific research that has been carried out from the moment archaeology was established as branches of science give us a general idea about the history of development of the human civilization, both in the region and throughout the world. The Mesolithic and Neolithic periods are not as long as the preceding Paleolithic, which continued for over 2 million years. The Mesolithic and Neolithic are confined to a period of 10–13 thousand years. Nevertheless, these historical stages remain little-studied throughout the world, and the territory of our country is not an exception. To this day scientists have not made up the chronology of the Mesolithic and Neolithic periods in Kyrgyzstan and have not determined the interval between them. We know little about the economy, religion, culture or ethnicity of the ancient people of Kyrgyzstan. Can we use the term ‘Mesolithic’ when describing monuments dated to the period from 10 to 15 thousand years ago or should we introduce the term ‘Epipaleolithic, ’ which is typical of the countries of the Middle East?

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Русский, English

Bulletin of IICAS. Volume 19.

ISBN: 1694-5794; Era: -; Country: ; Key words: bulletin, volume-19, iicas, unesco;

The development of metallurgical production in the Zeravshan area in the period of paleo-metal begins at the turn of the 4th and the 3rd millennia BCE. Its peak is connected to the Sarazm culture representing the North-eastern outpost of developed ancient agricultural societies of Central Asia. The rich natural resources and the fast growth of production potential broadened the opportunities for exchange and development of trade. It is necessary to acknowledge that the metal industry is one of the least studied sectors of the economy of the Zeravshan area. At the same time, this form of production serves as an informative archaeological source to solve a range of questions in different fields of science. Metal items are widely used for the understanding of the history of metallurgy, metal processing, ways of spreading and interaction of ancient technologies, and as the chronological indicators for the identification of the date of an archaeological monument or a specific period. They are also used for regional historical and cultural periodisation in the course of the reconstruction of historical events

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Русский, English

Bulletin of IICAS. Volume 18.

ISBN: 1694-5794; Era: -; Country: ; Key words: bulletin, volume-18, iicas, unesco;

In 1992, as new possibilities for research were emerging, André Gunder Frank stated that understanding Central Asia as an important link in world history rests in part on deeper knowledge of the smaller Central Asian oasis states1 . In his treatise on the “centrality” of Central Asia, Gunder Frank reiterated Lombard’s and Barfield’s2 propositions that Khorezm was one of a few important nodal points (or “nexuses”) in Central Asia – a pivotal region for both east-west and north-south exchange, and one of a few“…privileged locations [that] can reveal much about migratory, economic, political, military, social, and cultural currents in and through Central Asia and its neighboring regions”3 . Much like Lattimore’s4 frontiers, the agrarian oasis states such as Khorezm were local staging grounds for negotiations and exchanges that had significant systemic implications across Eurasia.

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Русский, English

Bulletin of IICAS. Volume 17.

ISBN: 1694-5794; Era: -; Country: ; Key words: bulletin, volume-17, iicas, unesco;

With its nearly half a year story, a book by a famous researcher of Central Asian antiquities A.M. Mandelshtam presents results of the work at the Tulkhar sepulcher1 . Besides numerous categories of implements, the work describes a complex of arms, including two original blades with a volute-shaped top and a straight cross. That was the first discovery of poniards of this type in Central Asia. In the sequel, the number of blades continued to grow; however, discoveries of poniards of such a rare form remained single cases. Together with not numerous series of such blades, it became evident that the reviewed poniards were spread over a vast territory, but let’s talk about it later

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Русский, English

Bulletin of IICAS. Volume 16.

ISBN: 1694-5794; Era: -; Country: ; Key words: bulletin, volume-16, iicas, unesco;

The Oxus Civilization or Bactria Margiana Archaeological Complex, geographically located in the south of present-day Central Asia (historically designated by the terms “Bactria” in northern Afghanistan, southern Uzbekistan and southern Tajikistan, and “Margiana” in central Turkmenistan) belongs to the Middle and Late Bronze Age between ca. 2300 and 1500 BC1 . After a brilliant peak phase, the Oxus civilization underwent major shifts in the whole social sphere, during the Final Bronze Age between ca. 1750 and 1500/1450 B.C., before disappearing and letting place to the “handmade painted pottery cultures” of the Early Iron Age

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